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  • Writer's pictureLuxRelo

Unlocking Luxembourg: Navigating the Legal Framework and Requirements for Immigration and Residency

Luxembourg, a small country located in Western Europe, has become an increasingly popular destination for immigrants seeking employment and residency opportunities.

However, before considering relocating to the country, it is essential to understand the legal framework and requirements for immigration and residency in Luxembourg.

Legal Framework

The Law of 29 August 2008 on the Free Movement of Persons and Immigration regulates the conditions for entry and stay in Luxembourg. This law distinguishes between European Union (EU) and non-EU citizens, with different requirements for each group.

EU citizens are entitled to freedom of movement within the EU and do not require a visa to enter Luxembourg. They have the right to live and work in the country without any restrictions. However, EU citizens must register with the local authorities within three months of their arrival in Luxembourg. This registration process involves obtaining a residence permit and a social security number, which is necessary to access healthcare, education, and other social services.

Non-EU citizens, on the other hand, must obtain a visa and a residence permit before they can enter Luxembourg. The visa application must be made at the Luxembourg embassy or consulate in the applicant's country of origin or residence. The visa is usually issued for a short-term stay and is valid for a maximum of 90 days.

After arriving in Luxembourg, non-EU citizens must apply for a residence permit. To qualify for a residence permit, applicants must meet specific requirements, including having a job offer from a Luxembourg employer, sufficient financial resources to support themselves and their family, and a clean criminal record. The residence permit is usually valid for one year and must be renewed annually. After five years of continuous residence in Luxembourg, non-EU citizens can apply for permanent residency.

Requirements for Residency

To apply for a residence permit, non-EU citizens must submit their application to the

Luxembourg Directorate of Immigration (Direction de l'Immigration) within 90 days of their arrival. The application must include the following


  1. A valid passport

  2. A completed application form

  3. Proof of sufficient financial resources, such as a bank statement or employment contract

  4. A criminal record check

  5. A medical certificate

  6. A housing contract or proof of accommodation

After the application has been submitted, the Luxembourg Directorate of Immigration will process the application and make a decision on whether to grant the residency permit. The decision-making process can take several weeks, and applicants should plan accordingly.

Practical Considerations

Before relocating to Luxembourg, it is also essential to consider practical factors such as the cost of living, availability of housing, and language barriers. Luxembourg is one of the most expensive countries in Europe, with a high cost of living and expensive housing. The country's high standard of living, however, is reflected in its excellent healthcare system and social services.

Luxembourg is a multilingual country, with French, German, and Luxembourgish being the official languages. While most Luxembourgers are fluent in at least two of these languages, applicants may need to demonstrate proficiency in one of them to obtain a a job. English is also widely spoken in Luxembourg, particularly in the business and finance sectors.


In conclusion, Luxembourg has a well-defined legal framework and requirements for immigration and residency. EU citizens are entitled to freedom of movement within the EU, while non-EU citizens must obtain a visa and a residence permit. By understanding the legal framework and requirements for residency, applicants can make informed decisions about whether Luxembourg is the right destination for them.


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